Sasha and Jamie are both 15 years old and are in the same class at the same school. They are both aspiring to make a positive difference in their world.
Sasha has never missed a deadline for an assignment. He is the often the first kid to raise his hand to answer a question. He is a straight ‘A’ student. He is highly intelligent and equally compliant – sitting quietly in the front of the class, keeping to himself, and doing exactly what he is asked to do.
Jamie is less obedient and less intelligent. But Jamie is more: incisive, inclusive, innovative, inquisitive, independent, intuitive, and inquiring.
Sasha will go on to win the school’s highest honour – ‘The Academic Prize’ – and maybe that’s okay. There’s nothing wrong intelligence is there?
But I’m more interested to see the impact Jamie will have. Intelligence is nice, but other intangibles are not always inferior.
When a kid ‘gets an A’ on a test, it’s usually because they have complied with expectations. They wrote the answer we wanted them to write. We give them a compliance prize – an ‘A’ – and everyone is happy.
Compliance is easy to measure and easy to produce.
However, what an ‘A’ on a test doesn’t usually indicate is:
- how much a student has actually learned;
- how much they have contributed to the learning of others;
- how able they are to innovate with their new learning; to apply their learning to novel, unexpected situations in adaptive ways.
We still spend a lot of time and energy in schools measuring and rewarding compliance. It seems the ‘real world’ though is increasingly valuing agility of learning, positive impact on others, and disruptive, innovative thinking. These are much harder to measure on a test.
Will this be on the test?
If you hear this question in your classroom, you know something has gone wrong.
Here are just some of the potential problems associated with this question:
- It is symptomatic of extrinsic motivation;
- (Or worse…) It is symptomatic of a teacher using a test to generate compliance;
- Students are devaluing anything that is not ‘on the test’;
- Students are valuing test performance over actual learning;
- (Or worse…) Students feel their teacher or parents are valuing test performance over actual learning;
- Students are concerned about the consequence of a test score;
- Students are wasting cognitive and attentional capacity thinking about the test rather than their actual learning;
- Creativity is suppressed (because most tests reward compliance and memorisation rather than creative, divergent, or innovative thinking);
- Students are incentivised to provide the ‘right answer’ rather than thinking critically or innovatively;
- Students are focussed on some arbitrary ‘scoring’ on a test to demonstrate their learning;
- (Or worse…) The teacher is using a test as the primary measure of student learning;
- (Or worse still…) The teacher is emphasising test performance because the teacher / school leadership is using student test scores as a primary measure of the teacher’s proficiency, skill, or performance.
But there is one thing even more worrying, than a student asking ‘Will this be on the test?’. And that’s a teacher saying “This will be on the test.”
That’s not at all to say that assessment is bad – quite the opposite. There are many, many effective and valuable ways of formatively and summatively assessing student learning. Some of the best involve students actively constructing or performing or transforming something. And many of these methods involve collaboration and teamwork and ‘open books‘.
But rarely is a ‘test’ the best way to really assess learning. And never is it a good way to motivate students.